terms used by spiritualists to denote the rapture of Love for God,
while the “sobriety” expresses the attainment of what is desired
– the union. (p.185) Intoxication reflects excess of longing and
extremity of Love, while sobriety indicates soundness of one’s
spiritual state in relation to God.(p189)
|It is promotion of passivity of man and killing the initiative
in him, disbanding human reason and logic completely.
|Discourse on Intoxication and Sobriety
|Translated by Reynold
state of the intoxicated man is sobriety” (p.185). He has
argued, “Intoxication is to fancy one’s self annihilated
while the attributes really subsist; and this is a veil.
Sobriety, on the other hand, is the vision of subsistence
while the attributes are annihilated; and this is actual
|Mansur al- Hallaj the Classic Case
in urgency of having it again and again, may start using
hallucinogens. Wine being the major instrument of drinking,
develops human dependence on it. Yahya b. Mu’ad, had
warned Abu Yazid in one of his writings to him. “ The man of
sobriety is he who is unable to drink even one drop, and the
man of intoxication is he who drinks all and still desires more.”
(p.187) Some are of opinion that listening to certain Music
(sama) and dancing (whirling) may help to acquire such state.
They are of belief, to awaken inner self one has to put the
wakened self (five senses: hawwas-e-khamsa) to sleep. Here
one hazard lies, that a state becomes the goal rather than a
mean to some ulterior end – spiritual transformation.
end is reached, the vision of The True One. It is the path
where true mystics tread and both become baseless, source
of difference (ikhtilaf) on the way; and become intruders
(tufayli) when the Sultan of Truth manifests its beauty.
Because the boundaries of both are joined, one leads to
another, the painful feeling of separation persists, though a
relative existence. In union all separations are negated as
the poet says:
|Copyright 2010 Jehan-i-Seema. All rights reserved.
All material in this page is original writing of Seema Arif. Using it in any form of publication and
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A person overcome with rapture (ghalabat) may not have
the power of expressing himself correctly; besides, the
meaning of the expression may be difficult to comprehend,
so that people mistake the speaker / writer’s intention, and
repudiate, not his real meaning, but a notion which they
have formed for themselves. (P.152) They may be rejected
vehemently by the audience as lunatics or heretics.
high intellect would say things incomprehensible to the
common, and his vagrant soul would take him from one
door to another in insatiable quest for learning. He had been
unable to satisfy, either his own self, or the common or
intellectuals of his time, and his end was bitter. He is an icon
of intoxicated votary of Sufism. He was all but intoxication,
spiritually, intellectually and emotionally. Shibli has said,
“Hallaj and I are of one belief, but my madness saved me,
while his intelligence destroyed him”. (P.151)
intoxication (sukr) to sobriety. They have argued that
sobriety involves equilibrium and fixation to certain
human attributes, and human attributes are the greatest
veils between man and God.
human attributes, like foresight and choice, and the
annihilation of a man’s self-control in God, so that only
those faculties survive in him that do not belong to the
human genus; and they are the most complete and
perfect”. (p. 185)
|Intoxication is Evil?.
the view that “intoxication is evil”. Intoxication involves the disturbance of one’
s normal state and loss of sanity and self-control. Whether one seeks
subsistence or annihilation, the principle of verification cannot be reached
unless one is sane. Intoxication blinds, and the phenomenon takes super hold.
It means that people begin to appreciate the feelings and mental state
produced by intoxication and original goal union with The Truth is
compromised. Being overpowered by such mental and physical states is also a
phenomenon, which should be under control.
|Real Intoxication is not Acquired.
|Intoxication and Sobriety both are same
|“When the morning-star of wine rises,
The drunken and the sober are as one.”.