Excerpts from
    As quoted in Kashaf-al-Mahjub “Intoxication” and “rapture” are
    terms used by spiritualists to denote the rapture of Love for God,
    while the “sobriety” expresses the attainment of what is desired
    – the union. (p.185) Intoxication reflects excess of longing and
    extremity of Love, while sobriety indicates soundness of one’s
    spiritual state in relation to God.(p189)
It is promotion of passivity of man and killing the initiative
in him, disbanding human reason and logic completely
Discourse on Intoxication and Sobriety
Translated by Reynold
A. Nicholson
    Hazrat Ali Hujwary has declared, ““Perfection of the
    state of the intoxicated man is sobriety” (p.185). He has
    argued, “Intoxication is to fancy one’s self annihilated
    while the attributes really subsist; and this is a veil.
    Sobriety, on the other hand, is the vision of subsistence
    while the attributes are annihilated; and this is actual
    revelation.” (p.187)
Mansur al- Hallaj the Classic Case
    The state of 'Intoxiction' is not permanent, and some people
    in urgency of having it again and again, may start using
    hallucinogens. Wine being the major instrument of drinking,
    develops human dependence on it. Yahya b. Mu’ad, had
    warned Abu Yazid in one of his writings to him. “ The man of
    sobriety is he who is unable to drink even one drop, and the
    man of intoxication is he who drinks all and still desires more.”
    (p.187)  Some are of opinion that listening to certain Music
    (sama) and dancing (whirling) may help to acquire such state.
    They are of belief, to awaken inner self one has to put the
    wakened self  (five senses: hawwas-e-khamsa) to sleep. Here
    one hazard lies, that a state becomes the goal rather than a
    mean to some ulterior end – spiritual transformation.
    Sobriety and intoxication resemble each other when the
    end is reached, the vision of The True One. It is the path
    where true mystics tread and both become baseless, source
    of difference (ikhtilaf) on the way; and become intruders
    (tufayli) when the Sultan of Truth manifests its beauty.
    Because the boundaries of both are joined, one leads to
    another, the painful feeling of separation persists, though a
    relative existence. In union all separations are negated as
    the poet says:
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    A person overcome with rapture (ghalabat) may not have
    the power of expressing himself correctly; besides, the
    meaning of the expression may be difficult to comprehend,
    so that people mistake the speaker / writer’s intention, and
    repudiate, not his real meaning, but a notion which they
    have formed for themselves. (P.152) They may be rejected
    vehemently by the audience as lunatics or heretics.

    Mansur al-Hallaj had a strong ecstasy and a lofty spirit. His
    high intellect would say things incomprehensible to the
    common, and his vagrant soul would take him from one
    door to another in insatiable quest for learning. He had been
    unable to satisfy, either his own self, or the common or
    intellectuals of his time, and his end was bitter. He is an icon
    of intoxicated votary of Sufism. He was all but intoxication,
    spiritually, intellectually and emotionally. Shibli has said,
    “Hallaj and I are of one belief, but my madness saved me,
    while his intelligence destroyed him”. (P.151)
    Abu Yazid (ra) and his followers have preferred
    intoxication (sukr) to sobriety.  They have argued that
    sobriety involves equilibrium and fixation to certain
    human attributes, and human attributes are the greatest
    veils between man and God.

    According to him “intoxication involves destruction of
    human attributes, like foresight and choice, and the
    annihilation of a man’s self-control in God, so that only
    those faculties survive in him that do not belong to the
    human genus; and they are the most complete and
    perfect”. (p. 185)
Intoxication is Evil?.
    Junayd (ra) and his follwers prefer sobriety to intoxication. They firmly held
    the view that “intoxication is evil”. Intoxication involves the disturbance of one’
    s normal state and loss of sanity and self-control. Whether one seeks
    subsistence or annihilation, the principle of verification cannot be reached
    unless one is sane. Intoxication blinds, and the phenomenon takes super hold.  
    It means that people begin to appreciate the feelings and mental state
    produced by intoxication and original goal union with The Truth is
    compromised. Being overpowered by such mental and physical states is also a
    phenomenon, which should be under control.
Real Intoxication is not Acquired.
Intoxication and Sobriety both are same
“When the morning-star of wine rises,
The drunken and the sober are as one.”