|Man and his Lower-soul
|Translated by Reynold
|Copyright 2010 Jehan-i-Seema. All rights reserved.
All material in this page is original writing of Seema Arif. Using it in any form of publication
and print media without prior permission will be considered against violation of rights. While
quoting in research papers proper referencing should be used.
|self-mortification is resistance to the
lower soul (nafs),
and until a man knows his lower-soul his
austerities are of no use to him.”
|What is Man?
|“And We have created Man of the choicest
clay,” (Qur'an: 23: 12-14)
Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) has said,
“Thy worst enemy is your lower soul, which is between
thy two sides.”
|Lower soul is the worst enemy
|discipline, but that its essence and substance do not perish. If it is rightly known and
under control, the seeker need not care though it continues to exist in him. The purpose
of self mortification of the lower soul is to destroy its attributes, not to annihilate its
reality. (pages: 206-207)
Shaykh Abu al Qasim al Gurgani has said: The lower-soul told me: “I am the destruction
of the heedless, for I urge them to evil and salvation of those who Love God, for if I
were not with them in my corruption they would be puffed up with pride in their purity.”
|See more on self mortification and
|Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) has said:
“He who knows himself already knows his Lord”,
i.e. if he knows himself as perishable he knows his God is
everlasting, or if he knows himself as humble he knows God
as Almighty, or if he knows himself as servant he knows God
as the Lord. Therefore one who does not know himself is
debarred from knowledge of all things. (p.197)
|Lust – Shahwat
|Lust is a thing that is dispersed in different parts of human body, and is served by the
senses. Man is to guard all his organs from it, and he shall be questioned concerning the
acts of each. The lust of the eye is sight; that of ear is hearing; that of nose is smell; that of
body is touch and that of mind is thought. It requires years, even one’s whole life for
getting rid of these incitements; it can be quite difficult, long and painful as well. Therefore
the right way is resignation. Allah does not like interference in His Kingdom: Abu Ali Siyah
has related that one day while taking bath he had strong desire to amputate his male
member, but was strongly prohibited by God.)
|Only true resignation protects
him from evil of passion.
|Man has no power over what is vicious in his constitution; he can
get an attribute changed by Divine aid and by resigning himself to
God’s Will and by divesting himself of his own power and strength.
Through God’s protection he comes near to annihilating that evil
than he does through self-mortification.