On Confirmation of "Wilayat" -  Sainthood
(pages 210-219)
Wilayat also means “love”
(mahabbat). Wali may be the form
fa`il (subject: who enacts according
to Divine Law) with the meaning of
maf`ul, (object: on whom the Divine
works) as God hath said,
“And He
takes charge of (yatawalla) the
(Qur'an, 7:195).  A wali is
strongly committed to fulfill the
obligations that he owes to Him. Thus
Wali in active meaning is
“one who
(murid), while in the passive
meaning it denotes
“one who is the
object of God’s desire”
Abu Abdallah Muhammad b. Ali al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi, and his followers
have their doctrine especially based on sainthood (wilayat), and used to
explain the true nature of sainthood and the degrees of saints and the
observance of the proper arrangement of their ranks.

'Walayat' means, etymologically,
“power to dispose” (tassuruf), and
'Wilayat' means
“possession of command” (imarat). Wilayat also means
“lordship” (rububiyyat); hence God hath said,
“In this case the Lordship
(al-walayat) belongs to God who is the Truth”
(Qur'an, 18:42) because
the unbelievers seek His protection and turn unto Him and renounce their
Translated by Reynold
A. Nicholson
Excerpts from
    God hath said, “He loves them and they love Him” (Qur'an, 5:59), so that they turn away
    from the favor of mankind: He is their friend (wali) and they are His friends (awliya). God
    may confer on one “friendship” (wilayat) that enables him to persevere in obedience to
    Him, and keeps him free from sin, and on another a “friendship” that empowers him to
    loose and bind, and makes his prayers answered and his aspirations effectual. Hazrat
    Muhammad (SAW) has said, “There is many a one with dirty hair, dust stained, clad in two
    old garments, whom men never heed; but if he were to swear by God, God would verify
    his oath.” It is well known that Hazrat Omar(ra) had commanded river Nile to resume flow
    without sacrificing a young maiden to it.
    God hath said, “ God is the friend (Wali) of those
    who believe” (Qur'an, 2:258) He hath also said,
    “Verily, on the friends (awliya) of God no fear shall
    come, and they shall not grieve” (Qur'an, 10:63).
    Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said, “Among the servants
    of God there are some whom the prophets and
    martyrs deem happy”. He has described them as
    such, “Those who LOVE one another, through God’
    s mercy, without wealth and without seeking
    livelihood: their faces are luminous, as they sit on
    throne of light; they are not afraid when men are
    afraid, nor do they grieve when men grieve.”
Who is "Wali" - a -Saint?
Abu Yazid Bastami has explained, “ The believer who is patient under the command and
prohibition of God,” because the more a man loves God the more does his heart revere that He
commands and the farther is his body from what He forbids.” (p.217)
A saint must keep the Divine Law (formalized in
religious doctrine) in order that God may keep him in
his spiritual state.
Abu Ali Juzjani has said, “The saint is annihilated in his own state and subsistent in the
contemplation of the Truth.”
Junayd hath said, “The saint hath no fear -"Ibn al Waqth" - Saint is
the son of his time : he has no future that he should fear anything; and he has no hope, since
hope is the expectation either of gaining an object of desire or of being relieved from a
misfortune, and this belongs to future; nor does he grieve, because grieve arises from rigor of
time, and he is but in the radiance of satisfaction (rida) and the garden of concord (muwafaqt).
It is also related in Kashaf-al-Mahjub: “whoever is
able, through knowledge given him by God, to
distinguish by the method of deduction what is true
from what is false, he too is a saint.” (p. 219)
Saints the governors of the Universe?
Ali Hujwary has strongly affirmed, “Allah has made the Saints the governors of the Universe;
they have become completely devoted to His business, and have ceased to follow their sensual
affections. Through the blessing of their advent the rain falls from heaven, and through the
purity of their lives the plants spring up from the earth, and through their spiritual influence the
Muslims gain victories over unbelievers. "
    Among them there are four thousand who are
    concealed and do not know one another and are
    not aware of the excellence of their state, but in all
    circumstances are hidden from themselves and
    from mankind. Traditions have come down to this
    effect, and the sayings of the Saints proclaim the
    truth thereof, and I myself – God be praised! –
    have had an ocular experience of this matter. But
    of those who have power to loose and to bind and
    are the officers of Divine court there are three
    hundred, called Akhyar, and forty, called Abdal,
    and seven called Abrar, and four called Awtad, and
    three called Nuqaba, and one called Qutb or
    Ghawth. All these know one another and cannot
    act save by mutual consent.
Also see miracles and
superiority of saints....
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