Translated by
Reynold A. Nicholson
Ans b. Malik hath said,
“The wise aspire to know, the foolish to relate.” He who
uses knowledge as a means of winning power and
honour and wealth is no servant. The pinnacle of
knowledge is reaching the level when one is able to
know Allah.
1. Negligent Servants
Excerpts from
Knowledge Leaders
Pages: 11-25
    Al Balakhi had reminded again and again in his teachings that the heart
    is the seat of knowledge of Allah. People go to Ka’ba and look at it with
    highest devotion, but Allah is looking at their hearts, what they have in
    store there, Love& mercy or competition & jealousy.  He has informed
    that Allah looks into the hearts of people to see whether His desire is
    there, and the traces of His prophets, and whether the eyes of people
    whom He loves are directed there. (p. 141)
Husayn Al-Juayari has said,
“The permanence of faith and the subsistence of religions and the
health of bodies depend on three qualities:
· satisfaction / iktifa
· piety / ittiqa
· abstinence / ihtima
    The fruit of satisfaction is pure knowledge of Allah, and the result of piety is excellence
    of moral character, and the end of abstinence is equilibrium of constitution. (p. 148)
    Lack of positive religion and of morality arises from negligence (ghaflat). Yahya b Mu’
    `adh al-Razi has said, “ Avoid the society of three types of men:
    As the poet says,

Al- ‘Ajazu ‘an daraki ` l-idraki idraku
Wa ` l-waqfu fi turuqi ` l-akhyari ishraku.

“True perception is to despair of attaining perception,
But not to advance on the paths of the virtuous is
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Copyright 2010 Jehan-i-Seema. All rights reserved.
All material in this page is original writing of  Seema Arif. Using it in any form of publication and
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Those who have set their hearts on worldly gains and assist governors and tyrants. They are
clever enough to seduce others in futile discussions, raising subtle points and attacking
authorities of religion. Their job is to raise discord and conflict in society, hence leading the
truth to confusion. They are least bothered to reach consensus. The persons who value self
more than society, are negligent not in knowledge but in duty towards people.
Abu` Yazid Bastami` has said, “ I have struggled in
spiritual combat for 30 years and I found nothing
harder to me than knowledge and its pursuit. It is
easier to walk on fire rather than travelling on road
towards knowledge, and an ignorant heart will more
readily cross the bridge (Sirat) a thousand times than
learn a single piece of knowledge; and the wicked
man would rather pitch his tent in Hell than put one
item of knowledge into practice. Accordingly one
must learn knowledge and seek perfection therein.
The perfection of human knowledge is ignorance of
divine knowledge. You must know enough to know
that you don’t know. That is to say, human
knowledge is alone possible to man, and humanity is
the greatest barrier that separates him from divinity.
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    Abu’ Ali Thaqafi has said, “Knowledge is the life of the heart, which
    delivers it from the death of ignorance; it is the light of the eye of
    faith, which saves it from the darkness of infidelity.”
3.Ignorant Pretenders
2.The Hypocrites
only what has been according to their desire, even if it is evil, and blame everything what
they dislike, even if it is beneficial, like the critics who often criticize Qur'anic laws on issues
of polygamy, inheritance, or punishment awarded at disobedience of Laws.  Their will lacks
Though they proclaim themselves to be the scholars of Qur'an, but they would appreciate
total submission to the will of Allah; their intellect lacks full comprehension of divine laws and
it is not merged well with Allah.  Seeking always praise and distinction they want to establish
their unique identity.
The people who have never been associated with a spiritual director (pir), nor learned a
people, and dare to tread the restrained path.