Divine Face of Maulana Jalal ud Din
Muhammad Rumi
Go to Spiritual
Jehan Nawardi
    1.        Ma ‘ida: is 5th chapter of Qur’an’ meaning ‘A table’ prepared
    food sent by heaven. It also refers to the Middle Eastern custom of
    eating on the floor or ground with the food placed upon a cloth, or
    occasionally upon leather. So it’s just not a tray of food but complete
    ‘dinner’ with all its supplements.

    2.        It refers to the manna and quails sent to the people of Moses in
    the desert: "And We shaded them with clouds, and We sent down to
    them manna and quails, (saying), 'Eat from among the good things that
    We have provided to you'.. But they did harm to themselves" [by
    complaining] (Qur'an 7:160; 2:57).

    3.        It represents the partisan ways of a nomadic and agrarian
    society. When man refused to satisfy his hunger with natural elements
    occurring in nature, the only resolve was ‘toil of farming’ … ‘do it
    yourself’? It is human impetuous nature, which God has termed as:
    “We offered the trust to the heavens and the earth and the
    mountains, but they refused to carry it and were afraid of it; and man
    carried it. Sure he is sinful, very foolish”; discussed again in ‘Fihi Ma
    Fihi’, discourse number 4 by Rumi.

    4.        It  occurs in God sent a table: a "table" of food from Heaven
    which the Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him) prayed for and
    received: "When the disciples said, 'O Jesus son of Mary, can your
    Lord send down to us a table from Heaven?' He said, 'Be in awe of
    God [attaqû 'llâh] if you are (truly) believers'" (5:114). The disciples
    said that they only wanted to eat, as well as to know for certain, by
    seeing a miracle, that Jesus spoke the truth. Jesus prayed for food
    from heaven as a sign (of Divine support) and for sustenance from
    God who is the Best of Providers. God agreed to send it down, but
    warned of punishment for any who denied faith after this (miracle--5:

    5.        As Nicholson’s commentary tells us, like beggars: refers to the
    custom according to which guests were allowed to take food home
    with them after being invited to a meal. "It was not unusual (though
    considered unmannerly) for greedy guests to collect and carry away
    the food left over from a feast. Such a person was called zallah-band."
    However Rumi following Islamic tradition seems to despise this
    custom, regarding it ungracious of guests showing greed for
    something specifically, which they do not own. It is sharing and not
    possessing which is favored by Qur’an.

    6.        Zakat: charity (for the poor): one of the "five pillars" of Islam--
    the requirement for Muslims to donate once a year to the poor
    approximately two and half percent of one's surplus wealth. Zakat is
    an essential obligation, a divine principle, violating it invites wrath
    from Allah…He may withhold rain, a major factor in growing crops and
    hoarding food and wealth. The commentators quote from Traditions:
    wa-lá mana`ú l-zakáta illá hubisa `anhumu 'l-qatr”, “And there is no
    refusal of the (required) charity except that the rain is seized (and
    taken away) from them."

    7.        [zinâ]: Unholy and the unlawful sex means any kind of sexual
    relationship  outside marriage—either by the married (adultery) or by
    the unmarried (fornication). When prevalent in a society, it is believed
    to spreads plagues, or communicable diseases, which are incurable.
    Now, we witness AIDS as modern times plague. “idhá ra'aytumú 'l-wabá
    a qad fashá fa-`lamú anna 'l-zinâ qad fashá" meaning "When you see
    that the plague has definitely spread, know that shameful sexual
    conduct has definitely spread".

    8.        Again Rumi emphasizes the need of chastised relationship of
    sexes. He abandons and despises homosexuality as violating divine
    law of Life and procreation. It is corrupting the way of the pious, he

    9.        Rumi warns that abhorrence of divine laws can even eclipse a
    sun. As the lead Angel Azazeel who was commander of skies was
    disgraced. Azazeel was the name of Satan before his fall. His
    insolence was to refuse to bow in curtsy to Adam when all the angels
    were commanded to do so. Satan refused, with the arrogant claim that
    he was superior to Adam since he was made from "fire" but Adam was
    made from (mere) clay (Qur'an 7:11-12). Satan also arrogantly blamed
    God for his own fall: "You caused me to err" (7:16), whereas Adam and
    Eve showed humble respect to God by saying, "O Lord! We have
    wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and show mercy to
    us, we will surely be among the lost!" (7:23)
Copyright 2010 Jehan-i-Seema. All rights reserved.
All material in this page is original writing of  Seema Arif. Using it in any form of publication and print media
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Seema Arif
Further Links for Rumi
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2. Diwan-i-Shams
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4. Whinfield on Rumi
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