University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan
    24-26 March 2008


    Maulana Jalal ud Din Muhammad Rumi had defined his Mathnawi as 'the roots of religion and the discoveries of the mysteries of
    nature and divine knowledge'. It can well be called the hermeneutic experience of Qur'an itself. Maulana has explained the human
    enigma reaching to the core of its complexity untying all the wrong cords to give it freedom from unwanted anxiety and stress of life, to
    breathe freely and discover self mastery; thus, reviving the human relationship with other humans, God and universe. He is the sage
    who introduces us with the art and skill of understanding human phenomenon, informing us of the right etiquette of living. In doing so
    Maualna has quoted freely from Qur'an juxtaposing these injunctions with incidents from the lives of the prophets. These stories have
    helped mankind across centuries to rethink about their perspective on life getting rid of biases and stale but overridden stereotypes.
    The question is whether these stories and Qur'anic injunctions are useful for people of 21st century as well? And they can learn from
    these stories as much as the people of medieval ages or there is something more to add? Can modern social sciences like
    psychology, sociology and management get some guidelines from Mevlana while organizing themselves as body of knowledge?  In
    this paper the researcher will try to justify the challenge by providing few examples from Mathnawi as a test case, that Mathnavi Maulvi
    Ma’anvi is nothing but a touchstone for truth, the mankind has been so earnestly seeking to grasp since eternity.    

    “In Search of Peace and Harmony”

    Ideals of the Asian Community: Aspirations for a Harmonized World Order
    Almaty, Kazakhstan, 24-27 October 2008


    Asia the cradle of human civilization, is a region where feelings and intuition dominates reason and judgment. The story of its
    civilization tells us that mankind has established its independent existence with much effort after a long sustained resistance against
    the nature out of which it was born. Today, man claims a better command over the natural forces both within and without him.
    However, very often in history mankind has been loosing grip or balance on either side of the forces or sometimes on both creating
    greater chaos and destruction. The question is whether mankind will be able to get a better control over its volatile attitudes and
    behavior for the greater benefit of the humanity? Still the oldest archetype of religion is haunting our existence and creating darker
    shadows than the archetype itself promises. Is it the fault of the archetype itself or we have failed to evolve in its true meaning and
    spirit? As we are trying to restore peace in the world, we are blindfolded by the ignorant desires to enforce our personal world view
    over the humanity. How futile this attempt can be is well recorded in the history, yet no one is ready to learn lessons. This paper is an
    attempt to self educate ourselves about the conscious history of religion and another important archetype that is born out of it, i.e.
    leadership especially in the context of Asia and focussing in particular upon South Asia and its leadership needs in Muslims of the

    SYSTEM DYNAMICS: An Effective Tool for Organizational Analysis and Prediction

    First National Conference on Organizational analysis and Qualitative Research: Contemporary Practices & Challenges
    University of Peshawar
    10-11-June 2008


    We are living in a complex world, and where education and interest have created wide differences among individuals; they have also
    taught us to appreciate diversity as a lively attribute of life. In order to recognize diversity and recognize individual perception, and
    interpretation of various phenomena of life and the knowledge of different people about it, qualitative research is conducted and is
    becoming popular each day. The researchers and scientists keep devising new instruments and methodologies for enquiry, which
    are rational, holistic and solve real life problems. The problems in organizations are not smooth and patterned like those in natural
    science and do not conduct themselves in a predictable way. Thus, logical positivism and reductionism often fails when we deal with
    complex problems in organizational perspective, especially involving human decision making.  Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
    USA has developed a special research methodology to address complex problems of the systems called ‘System Dynamics’. The
    methodology involves The methodology involves, (1) identifying a problem, (2) developing a dynamic hypothesis explaining the
    cause of the problem, (3) building a computer simulation model of the system at the root of the problem, (4) testing the model to be
    certain that it reproduces the behavior seen in the real world, and (5) devising and testing in the model alternative policies that
    alleviate the problem, and (6) implementing this solution. However, we have focused more upon first three keeping in view the
    constraints of space and time. The paper is conceptual, divided into 4 segments. 1st discusses systems approach in organizational
    studies; the 2nd explores connection between systems approach and qualitative research; the 3rd identifies the similarities between
    qualitative methodologies and those used by system dynamics and lastly the paper shortly describes the system dynamics inquiry
    process. Some sample models are also attached as annexure.

    KEY WORDS: Organizational Development. System Dynamics. Organizational Research. Systems Thinking.

Copyright 2010 Jehan-i-Seema. All rights reserved.
All material in this page is original writing of  Seema Arif. Using it in any form of publication and
print media without prior permission will be considered against violation of rights. While quoting in
research papers proper referencing should be used.
    Let Us Face the Music

    7th Qualitative Research Conference
    School of Health and Social Care,  
    Bournemouth University at Talbot Campus, UK.
    8th - 10th September 2008


    The realization that there is some meta-force governing the life process forms the basis of religion and it has taken many shapes
    and forms in human mind. These ideas are the founding stones of civilizations and each civilization has strived at its best to
    preserve these ideas in form of arts and architecture, poetry and music or other literary expressions.
    These mediums serve as an excellent source to study the thought patterns and especially the social and psychological archetypes
    that command a society. Hence, using such visual medium to stimulate thought becomes relevant. I use such mediums frequently
    both in teaching and research in examining the perceptual as well as conceptual abilities of my students and shaping them which are
    vital in reaching to a better understanding of a phenomenon. In this paper, I’d like to reflect on the individual responses and the
    feedback I got for such experiments in my research on material religion and how I have used it in forming the qualitative report on
    the subject.
    Corporate Social Responsibilty and the Role of Academia
    1st International Corporate Social Responsibilityt Conference 2008
    University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. 25-26 November, 2008


    Past century is regarded as rapid advancement in scientific knowledge and technology. All energies were spent in quest of ‘new
    knowledge’. However, now we seem to reach at a saturation point. The challenge ‘innovation’ seems to revise itself; it is more about
    the use of knowledge and technology in business and industry for the larger good of people. Education is the social responsibility of
    the university academia, and it is transformed into corporate social responsibility by following market model of the university set by
    globalization drive. A new challenge is set. The universities are getting privatized and becoming an active element of knowledge
    industry, the same transition would be possible for the academia as well, who are trained to follow service model. What is the future
    of knowledge corporate? Whether the model will collapse or the university? In any case the sufferers will be the academia: the
    knowledge workers. Hence, it is perceived that knowledge workers face the greatest threat in 21st century. How will they be able to
    watch for their rights and how they will train the future work force to maintain a careful balance between the rights and
    responsibilities in their professional lives?

    Whether or not the academia of 21st century would be able to fulfil this role justifiably while belonging to the traditional orthodox
    society of Pakistan is the challenge before us. In this paper we would discuss various demands set by globalization and the
    responsibilities fostered by tradition and determine if a natural balance exists between the both or it would be hard to make the both
    ends meet.
    Teaching English at Business School
    24th SPELT International Conference
    Ali Institute Lahore, Pakistan. 25-26 October 2008.


    It is always difficult to make home for teaching and learning in an ESL environment regardless of age and grade. In Pakistan, much
    of the ELT research is school based, whereas, teaching at higher education level is perhaps even more challenging as teenagers
    are notorious for their incapacity of being easily pleased. As globalization is settling its foundation in Pakistan with many multi-
    national organizations operating in the region, the proficiency in English language is the top priority on the list of students’ wants
    from higher education institutions and a business school is not any exception. There are many ready made tailored courses
    available to teach at business school, “Business English”, “Business Communication” and the like. The business schools arrange for
    best faculty, preferring foreign trained graduates from internationally reputable universities. However, the question is what
    differences all these efforts are making on students’ self-efficacy believes about English language skills? Whether or not students’
    needs and teachers’ expectations are compatible with each other and how do they interact in an English language classroom at a
    business school? The aim is to discover the teaching-learning strategies that will benefit end-user and supply clients proficient in
    English language to the market. The research is conducted through in-depth qualitative interviews with English language teachers;
    thus, analyzing teacher motivation, satisfaction/dissatisfaction with teaching and learning at HE levels and comparing it against
    students’ responses for their self-efficacy. It is believed that actual performance is motivation interacting with ability and skills. It aims
    to understand which element is missing from teaching learning environment and how it can be counter-balanced or compensated in
    construction of our valued end-product, i.e. the business graduate proficient in English language skills.
Research Abstracts (2008)