Jehan-i-Seema
Jehan-i-Qalm
Knowing to Know
Copyright 2010 Jehan-i-Seema. All rights reserved.
All material in this page is original writing of  Seema Arif. Using it in any form of publication and
print media without prior permission will be considered against violation of rights. While quoting in
research papers proper referencing should be used.
Sharing to Know
Nobody is able to accomplish all his affairs single-handed. Off and on, one needs help of his /her colleagues. This act of mutual help is called
"T'aawan" or cooperation. But the question arises whether one should render help to everybody he comes across or only to a certain type of
people? For example, on usurps the rights of another person. Shall we help the wrong doer or the one who is wronged? It is apparent that we
should help the latter. Holy Qur’an has laid down the principle:
You cooperate with one another in matters of (????)
broadmindedness and (????) matters consistent with the Divine
laws and do not cooperate in matters of (???) sin and (?????)
enmity." (5/2)
The word (????) above means matters of righteousness and broadmindedness and (????) means to live a life in consistence with the Divine
laws and injunctions ordained by Allah. The word (???) is used for a camel that gets tired or remains behind the herd. Thus any act, which
retards the human progress, is called (???). The word (?????) means 'Rebellion' i.e. to act against the Divine laws and whose acts are more
and more useful for humanity and do not help those who rebel against the Divine laws and whose actions serve as an obstacle to human
progress. In other words help others in matters declared to be good by the Qur’an but not in matters declared to be bad therein.  The Holy Qur’
an has described mutual consultation as a distinguished act of Muslims: The word (????) above means matters of righteousness and
broadmindedness and (????) means to live a life in consistence with the Divine laws and injunctions ordained by Allah. The word (???) is used
for a camel that gets tired or remains behind the herd. Thus any act, which retards the human progress, is called (???). The word (?????)
means 'Rebellion' i.e. to act against the Divine laws and whose acts are more and more useful for humanity and do not help those who rebel
against the Divine laws and whose actions serve as an obstacle to human progress. In other words help others in matters declared to be good
by the Qur’an but not in matters declared to be bad therein.  The Holy Qur’an has described mutual consultation as a distinguished act of
Muslims:
"Who conduct their affairs by mutual consultation."  (42:38)
Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) has also advised us that before reaching a decision one must consult those who know more about it, so that all
aspects of a matter become clearer. But such consultation does not include matters of sin and enmity (58:9). It is limited to matters that are
useful to humanity and are consistent with the principles laid down in the Qur’an. Mutual consultation is possible only if one behaves politely with
others. That is why it is said:
"And turn not your cheek in scorn towards people."  (31:8)
It is highly important that promises must be fulfilled at all costs. Human affairs run smoothly if individuals as well as nations are faithful to one
another. Otherwise there shall be utter confusion all around.
"O You who believe! Fulfil (all) obligations." (5:1)
Therefore all promises and all contacts must be fulfilled. But one must keep in mind that this fulfilling of obligations should not remain confined
only to big matters. This also applies to small every-day affairs. A promise is a promise whether it concerns a big matter of small. May it be
designing of the curriculum or setting of timetable, once it is announced, then it should be fulfilled at all cost, all objectives realised, and all goals
achieved to deliver the promised ends to the concerned parties.
“And fulfil every engagement for (every) engagement shall be required into."  (17:/36)
We all agree to disagree is the motto of Satan, who disagreed with the divine principles of evolution of human kind and of life, and is still
spreading the seeds of doubts and confusion. Agreeing to mutual good while sacrificing the personal is the divine route to salvation. Achieving
consensus on major and minor issues is on the priority list of the leaders.
The route to wisdom to follow is achieved through following pathway.
Listening   -------  Knowing --------- Sharing  --------- Caring
"We hear and we Obey."  (2:285)
Route to Wisdom
It is wise that one should hear everything attentively, watch things carefully and think over the matter thoroughly, making the best use of one’s
intellect in reaching a conclusion. Do not follow other people blindly. Those who do so are not human beings but animals, even worse than that:
"They have minds wherewith they understand not, eyes wherewith they see not and
ears wherewith they hear not. They are like cattle, nay more confused, for they are
neglectful. (7:179)
Students must ponder over what you hear and then act on all that is good. It is useless to hear good things and then neglect them. It is listening
and learning and then implementing that initiates the pathway to wisdom. Keeping oneself away from vain and useless talk is another route to
wisdom:
"And when you hear vain talk, turn away there from." (28:55
"Say: Can the blind be held equal to the seeing? Will you thus not consider?"(6/:50)
&
One must think over all what one hears, but try not to dig out other people's affairs:
"And spy not on each other."  (49:12)
And only Allah guides to the Path that is straight…!
The people who do not use their intellect, Qur’an calls them blind and says that they cannot be equal to those who use intellect and act carefully:
It is established that people of earth live on their emotions, while people of heaven on their wisdom (Aql). Emotional reactions and impatience will
each time make an incurable wound in the tender heart of the others. No matter how much one may apologize, those wounds will always be
there. An oral attack will hurt someone at least as much as a physical attack. To benefit from Allah’s guidance, men must think with a cool,
rational, unbiased and analytical mind.  An unreceptive mind just cannot hope to gain anything from Allah’s message – it is a practical
impossibility.
Jehan-i-Seema
Jehan-i-Rumi
Jehan-i-Iqbal
Jehan-i-Khayal
Jehan-i-Kashf
Jehan Nawardi
An Excerpt from Conceptual Model of
Educational Leadership in Islamic Perspective
In Kashf al-mahjub, Hazrat Ali Hajweri has made a distinction between khabar (information) and nazar (analytic thought).
This is applicable not only to Muslim Sufis but also to most of the Muslim philosophers who sought to attain the ultimate
knowledge which could embrace all things, corporeal or divine. Ma'rifah is ultimate knowledge and it springs from the
knowledge of the self.
A proper understanding of the human ‘self’ leads to cognition of God
· Understanding Human Soul,
· Understanding Purpose of life,
· Understanding God’s Attributes and Self-Imposed Limitations,
This process also includes the knowledge of the phenomenal world. Therefore, wisdom and knowledge which are regarded
as two different things in the non-Muslim world are one and the same in the Islamic perspective including following steps:
"And pursue not that of which you have no sure knowledge for you shall be enquired
whether you heard such a thing with your own ears or whether you had seen it with
your own eyes, or you had made it sure in your own mind."  (17/36)
He who gives sincere advice to his brother in matters of religion and looks out for the
well being of the latter's daily affairs has fulfilled his brotherly obligation and carried out
the duty that was incumbent upon him.”
Khawaja Nasir-ud-Din Al- Tusi has declared, “The human perfection can be achieved in either of the two directions,
knowledge or action (skill).” The ultimate goal of knowledge is to find serenity and certitude in “the world of Oneness of
Allah). The ultimate goal of action is to achieve harmony and equilibrium in one’s individual and communal affairs. Perfection
in knowledge and in action is dialectically related and interdependent on each other. Mastering both the categories only
leads to the true status of being the vicegerent of Allah on earth.
Listening to Know
The means of acquiring knowledge are five: hearing, sight, taste, smell and touch. Allah has created these five avenues
the standard means to reach knowledge. All senses are situated in one organ except the ‘touch’, which is diffused through
the whole body. All senses are important but the hearing is the one, which is the most important, and even surpasses sight.
All prophets received divine revelation through hearing. And all religious ordinances are based upon hearing and could not
be established without it. It was Prophet’s Muhammad (SAW) quality of effective listening which provided us with the gift of
Qur'an. All the prophets on their appearance to public first spoke in order that those who heard them might believe in them.
It is said that hearing a word of Allah is better than His sight. It is well known that many Arabs were converted to Islam
through listening Holy verses from Qur'an including Omar bin Khattab (ra).
(Qur'an 122: 1-2)

Learning begins from hearing the teacher; one imitates speaking through hearing. In ancient times when there were no
written materials, human beings acquired knowledge just through effective listening of the wise. Listening is closely related
to memorizing as well. Moreover effective hearing is present at birth, and the child is introduced to the world through voices
around him. The sight is perfected later; sometimes, severe impairment of hearing adversely affects mental development of
the child. All these facts establish the importance of hearing and development of the listening skill in acquisition of
knowledge.
Knowing to Care
According to Mansoor bin Muzaahim - Shu`ayb, that is, Ibn Safwaan, Ibn `Abd al-Hameed: Khalifa `Umar ibn `Abd al-`Azeez
has said:
“He who acts without knowledge causes more corruption than good, and he who does
not consider his speech to be part of his actions sins repeatedly.”
`Abd al-Rahmaan bin Mahdee – Sufyaan has informed us that Khalifa `Umar bin `Abd al-`Azeez has said:
A teacher must be extremely cautious of his/her gestures and statements. He/she must be sure of what they say to the
students. One must verify every piece of information carefully before communicating it to others and especially to young
minds, because one never knows how they will affect their thought and behavior. Moreover, such an attitude inculcates
mental slavery in form of bias, prejudice and stereotyped behavior. Qur’an has strictly warned us against it: